Receiving Materials


Receiving Materials:

The function of the receiving department is to: unload and unpack incoming materials; check quantities received against the shippers packing list; identify goods received with descriptions on the purchase order; prepare a receiving report; notify the purchasing department of descriptions discovered; arrange for inspection when necessary; notify the traffic department and the purchasing department of any damage in transit; and rout accepted materials to the appropriate factory location.

The receiving report shows the purchase order number, the account number to be charged, the name of the vendor, details relating to transportation, and the quantity and type of the goods receive. The form also provides a space for the inspection department to note either the complete approval of the shipment or the quantity rejected and the reason for the rejection, in inspection does not take place immediately after receipt of the materials, the receiving report is distributed as follows:

  1. The receiving department keeps one copy and sends another copy to the purchasing department as notice of the arrival of the materials
  2. All other copies go to the inspection department, and are distributed when inspection is completed. After inspection, one copy of the receiving report, with the inspection result noted thereon, is sent to the accounting department, where it is matched with the purchase order and the venders invoice and the paid. Other copies go to various departments such as materials and production planning. One copy accompanies the materials, so that the storekeeper knows the quantity and the kind of materials received.

You may also be interested in other useful articles from “controlling and costing materials” chapter:

  1. Purchases of productive material
  2. Purchases of supplies, services, and repairs
  3. Materials purchasing forms
  4. Receiving materials
  5. Invoice approval and data processing
  6. Correcting invoices
  7. Electronic data processing (EDP)  for materials received and issued
  8. Cost of acquiring materials
  9. Storage and use of materials
  10. Issuing and costing materials into production
  11. Materials ledger card – perpetual inventory
  12. First-in-First-Out (FIFO) Costing Method
  13. Average Costing Method
  14. Last-in-First-Out (LIFO) Costing Method
  15. Other Methods-Month end average cost, last purchase price or market price at date of issue, and standard cost
  16. Inventory valuation at cost or market whichever is lower
  17. American Institute of Certified Public Accountant (AICPA) cost or market rules
  18. Adjustments for departures from the costing method used
  19. Inventory pricing and interim financial reporting
  20. Transfer of materials cost to finished production
  21. Physical inventory
  22. Adjusting Materials Ledger Cards and Accounts to Conform to Inventory Accounts
  23. Scrap and waste
  24. Spoiled goods
  25. Defective work
  26. Discussion Questions and Answers about Controlling and Costing Materials

Other Related Accounting Articles:

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