# Dividend Payout Ratio

# Dividend Payout Ratio:

**Dividend payout ratio** is calculated to find the extent to which earnings per share have been used for paying dividend and to know what portion of earnings has been retained in the business. It is an important ratio because ploughing back of profits enables a company to grow and pay more dividends in future.

**Formula of Dividend Payout Ratio:**

Following formula is used for the calculation of dividend payout ratio

Dividend Payout Ratio = Dividend per Equity Share / Earnings per Share

A complementary of this ratio is **retained earnings ratio**. Retained earning ratio is calculated by using the following formula:

Retained Earning Ratio = Retained Earning Per Equity Share / Earning Per Equity Share

## Example:

**Calculate dividend payout ratio and retained earnings** from the following data:

Net Profit Provision for taxation Preference dividend |
10,000 |
No. of equity shares Dividend per equity share |
3,000 |

Payout Ratio = ($0.40 / $1) × 100

= 40%

Retained Earnings Ratio = ($0.60 /$1) × 100

= 60%

## Significance of the Ratio:

The payout ratio and the retained earning ratio are the indicators of the amount of earnings that have been ploughed back in the business. The lower the payout ratio, the higher will be the amount of earnings ploughed back in the business and vice versa. A lower payout ratio or higher retained earnings ratio means a stronger financial position of the company.

### You may also be interested in other articles from “financial statement analysis” chapter:

- Horizontal and Vertical Analysis
- Ratios Analysis
- Horizontal Analysis or Trend Analysis
- Trend Percentage
- Vertical Analysis
- Accounting Ratios Definition, Advantages, Classification and Limitations:
- Gross profit ratio
- Net profit ratio
- Operating ratio
- Expense ratio
- Return on shareholders investment or net worth
- Return on equity capital
- Return on capital employed (ROCE) Ratio
- Dividend yield ratio
- Dividend payout ratio
- Earnings Per Share (EPS) Ratio
- Price earning ratio
- Current ratio
- Liquid/Acid test/Quick ratio
- Inventory/Stock turnover ratio
- Debtors/Receivables turnover ratio
- Average collection period
- Creditors/Payable turnover ratio
- Working capital turnover ratio
- Fixed assets turnover ratio
- Over and under trading
- Debt-to-equity ratio
- Proprietary or Equity ratio
- Ratio of fixed assets to shareholders funds
- Ratio of current assets to shareholders funds
- Interest coverage ratio
- Capital gearing ratio
- Over and under capitalization
- Financial-Accounting- Ratios Formulas
- Limitations of Financial Statement Analysis

### Other Related Accounting Articles:

- Fixed Assets Turnover Ratio
- Dividend Yield Ratio
- Return on Equity Capital (ROEC) Ratio
- Current Assets to Proprietor’s Fund Ratio
- Proprietary Ratio or Equity Ratio
- Fixed Assets to Proprietor’s Fund Ratio
- Return on Shareholders Investment or Net Worth Ratio
- Expense Ratio
- Over and Under Trading
- Financial Accounting Ratios & Formulas